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2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案,澳大利亚

  澳大利亚国防部寻求更多权力,以监管澳大学与中国企业的研究合作计划,此事引起澳大学强烈不满。《澳大利亚人报》20日报道称,继去年有声音呼吁对澳大学、中国科技公司和中国国有企业之间的研究合作项目进行更严格的审查之后,多所大学将就国防部的要求与其举行紧急会议。

  Passage Two

  Part II Listening Comprehension (30minutes)

  据此前报道,澳大利亚国防部提出关于“国防贸易管制法”的审查,提议提高该法案下科研和创新项目的门槛,并扩大国防部的进入、搜查和扣押权,以监督大学的技术项目。去年,澳安全研究人员质疑存在大学使用纳税人资金来资助涉及中国国有企业或中国公司的研究项目。他们认为,通过分享“双方可用”技术的发展,大学有可能协助中国发展军事能力。

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  Section A

图片 1▲墨尔本大学(资料图)

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  Directions:In this section, you will hear two long conversations。 At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions。 Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only one。 After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D)。Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through centre。

  《澳大利亚人报》称,大学方面对该提案感到愤怒。澳大利亚大学八校联盟将于下周与国防部会面,并表示这项新的提案将破坏大学基本的合作和学术自由。八校联盟批评国防部的这一建议将对外国出生的澳研究人员、在澳大学就读博士的留学生、访问学者或其他大学本来可以与之合法合作的海外研究者的工作产生不利影响。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

  News Report 1

图片 2

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。 The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Kelly escaped injury and managed to save her car after a four-foot long rat snake came out from under her car seat and slithered across her feet as she was driving down the high way。 Rat snakes are poisonous or a threat to people generally。 Q1: But the woman says the snake she encountered Thursday terrified her out of her wits。 It was rough with big scales, said 。。。 who was on her way to pick up her friend at the airport when it happened。 I don‘t know whether I had my hands on the steering wheel or not。 I’m not the most flexible person in the world, but I can guarantee my knees were up next to my ears。 She said the snake first slithered back under the seat and she hoped it would stay there until she was able to get off the high way and stop。 That didn‘t work out, she said。 Here he comes, and he wind up in my back seat before I could finally get off the road, stop and get out of the car。 Q2: She called for help and Washington county animal control officers came and captured the snake。

  澳大利亚工党则批评国防部的行为是“越权”。负责科学与研究事务的工党发言人金·卡尔对《澳大利亚人报》说,目前的体系一直运作良好,国防部以前没有说过存在问题。而且,国防部在给参议院的评估中承认,没有发现大学或研究机构有任何不遵守“国防贸易管制法”的事件。他批评说:“国防部走得太远了。”

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  Q1: How did Kelly feel when she first came across the Rattlesnake?

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  Q2: What does the report say about the snake?

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  [主旨内容]

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  一位女士开车去机场接朋友,在她下高速的时候,一条之前藏在她座位下的毒蛇爬上她的脚,这位女士被吓得魂飞魄散。当她发现蛇在座位下的时候,她希望蛇能一直待在那里,直到她下高速停车。最后华盛顿动物控制中心来这里抓住了毒蛇。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  [参考答案句]

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  1。 But the woman says the snake she in carried firstly terrified her out of her wits。 She said the snake first slipped back under the seat, and she hoped it would stay there until she was able to get off the highway and stopped。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  2。 She called for help and the Washington DC Animal Control Officers came and capture the snake。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

  [评析]

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  本篇新闻难度不大,第一题答案出现在but重点提示词之后,考生只需要关注重点提示词,且把握之后女士的感受即可。第二题答案出现在新闻最后部分,符合我们新闻题最后一题的出答案位置,且根据试听一致即可选出正确答案。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

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  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

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